The review of proposed research by an Institutional Review Board assures attention to three ethical principles: respect for persons, beneficence and justice, which underlie the ethical conduct of research involving human subjects.

Required Education in Protecting Human Subjects

Researchers will be better able to plan and conduct research that upholds the values of respect, beneficence and justice and to prepare applications that meet the criteria for approval if they have a basic understanding of relevant fundamental principles and current applicable regulations.
 
The IRB will be more confident in approving a research application if it has evidence that the researcher possesses that basic understanding of fundamental principles and current regulations.
 
Agencies that fund research require investigators to demonstrate that they understand the principles and regulations related to protecting human subjects. For example, since 2000, the National Institutes of Health have required education in the protection of human research participants for all investigators and key personnel submitting applications for grants or proposals for contracts, or receiving new or non-competing awards.
 
At St. Norbert College, researchers, those who supervise student researchers, and student researchers will demonstrate that they possess the necessary understanding of fundamental principles and current regulations by completing the Human Subjects Tutorial prepared by the Institutional Review Board of San Diego State University.
 
The tutorial includes five educational modules:
  • Background
  • Shared Responsibilities
  • Subject Involvement
  • Privacy and Confidentiality
  • Risks and Benefits
A brief assessment quiz and an applied scenario accompany each module. A certificate is issued once all modules are completed successfully.
 
Users may complete one module on one occasion and return at a later time to complete another module. Users may work through a module, quiz and scenario as often as need to obtain a passing score.
 
Researchers, supervisors of student researchers and student researchers are required to complete the tutorial. One must earn a score of 90 percent on the assessment quizzes to receive the certificate.
 
Once all the modules have been successfully completed, the results of the tutorial should be sent via email to the IRB and a printed copy of the certificate of completion should be kept on file by the applicant.
  
Researchers and those who supervise student researchers will renew their certificate every five years.
 
Student researchers will renew their certificate ever two years.