|Alcohol Policy and Other Game Day Environment Factors on Alcohol-related Crimes Within College Football Stadiums
by Brian Menaker,
University of Florida
Violence stemming from alcohol consumption associated with sporting events has become a societal problem and issue that stadium managers and law enforcement must address on game day. Stadium administrators implement alcohol-related risk management policies ranging from alcohol sales restrictions to prohibitions within venues to ameliorate game day crime (Miller & Gillentine, 2006; Fried & Ammon, 2009). College football stadiums and surrounding areas often experience high levels of alcohol-related crime at a greater frequency on game day than on non-event days (Merlo, Hong, & Cottler, 2009; Rees & Schnepel, 2009). This study examines the relationship between stadium alcohol policies along with other game day variables on alcohol-related crime. Games played at seven stadiums, a total of 126 games, between the years 2008-2010 were sampled. Multiple regression tested independent variables of alcohol policy (sales permitted versus sales prohibited), law enforcement reporting ejections, start time of game, temperature, ranked home team, ranked visiting team, attendance, conference opponent, in-state rival opponent, and year in which the game was played. The dependent variable was alcohol-related crime reported by police. The variables of year, temperature, rivalry game, games against a conference opponent, home team ranking and away team ranking did not contribute to game day crime. Permitting alcohol sales, higher attendance, and a later start time had a positive relationship with crime, while reporting of ejections was related to less reported crime. Overall, this research shows that administrators must consider different game day factors beyond alcohol policy when planning alcohol-related event risk management.