An encumbrance system is a management tool used to reflect commitments in the accounting system for better budget management and to prevent overspending. Encumbrances allow organizations to recognize future commitments of resources prior to an actual expenditure. When a regular or standing purchase order is completed and approved in Banner, an encumbrance is automatically created. As payments are made relating to a purchase order, encumbrances are liquidated or unencumbered.
Banner Documentation (Training Manuals & Workbooks)